Homicides Among Infants in the United States,2017-2020

Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2023 Jul;72(9):1-10.


Objectives-This report describes homicide rates among infants (under age 1 year) by selected maternal, pregnancy-related, and infant characteristics. Methods-Linked birth/infant death files based on data collected on U.S. birth and death certificates were used to calculate homicide rates among infants for the period 2017-2020. Results-A total of 1,067 homicides occurred among infants in the United States from 2017 through 2020, an average of 267 per year. More than one-half of all infant homicides occurred among infants aged 3 months and under. Homicide rates were higher among infants born to mothers who were young, had multiple previous live births, were Black non-Hispanic, were born in the United States, had lower levels of education, lived in rural areas, had no prenatal care, and delivered outside of a hospital. Rates were also higher for infants who were part of a multiple-gestation pregnancy, were born preterm or low birthweight, or were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Homicide*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mothers
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Multiple
  • United States / epidemiology