Environmental and genetic effects of captivity - are there lessons for monarch butterfly conservation?

Curr Opin Insect Sci. 2023 Oct:59:101088. doi: 10.1016/j.cois.2023.101088. Epub 2023 Jul 26.


Rearing monarch butterflies in captivity for later release is a popular but contentious activity due to concerns about its potential negative effects on the wild population. In this review, I discuss how captive rearing and breeding could impact monarch fitness in the wild, the current evidence for such impacts in monarchs and other captive-reared/released organisms, and how this should inform our efforts to conserve monarchs and other species.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animal Migration
  • Animals
  • Butterflies* / genetics