Recent advances in chiral selectors immobilization and chiral mobile phase additives in liquid chromatographic enantio-separations: A review

J Chromatogr A. 2023 Sep 13:1706:464214. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2023.464214. Epub 2023 Jul 14.


For decades now, the separation of chiral enantiomers of drugs has been gaining the interest and attention of researchers. In 1991, the first guidelines for development of chiral drugs were firstly released by the US-FDA. Since then, the development in chromatographic enantioseparation tools has been fast and variable, aiming at creating a suitable environment where the physically and chemically identical enantiomers can be separated. Among those tools, the immobilization of chiral selectors (CS) on different stationary phases and the chiral mobile phase additives (CMPA) which have been progressed and studied extensively. This review article highlights the major advances in immobilization of CS together with their different recognition mechanisms as well as CMPA as a cheaper and successful alternative for chiral stationary phases. Moreover, the role of molecular modeling tool as a pre-step in the choice of CS for evaluating possible interactions with different ligands has been pointed up. Illustrations of reported methods and updates for immobilized CS and CMPA have been included.

Keywords: Chiral mobile phase additives; Chiral selector; Enantioseparation; Immobilization; Liquid chromatography.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid* / methods
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Ligands
  • Stereoisomerism


  • Ligands