Integrated 3D Mapping and Diagnosis for the Structural Assessment of Architectural Heritage: Morano's Parabolic Arch

Sensors (Basel). 2023 Jul 19;23(14):6532. doi: 10.3390/s23146532.


The architectural heritage of the 20th century is affected by several conservation problems in terms of material preservation, structural analysis, and reuse. Among these, material degradation and durability issues are the ones that have the most effect on the health state and, consequently, the survival of the constructions of the period. In order to conduct a proper analysis for preservation purposes, an interdisciplinary approach is necessary. The parabolic arch in Morano sul Po (Italy) is a reinforced concrete landmark in the Casale Monferrato area and is related to the industrial vocation of the territory, which is indissolubly linked to the cement production chain. The present paper reports the results of a non-destructive test campaign by a Politecnico di Torino multidisciplinary group, which combined acquisitions using different methods. The paper highlights the importance of a structured procedure to integrate different information coming from different techniques. The aim was to assess the health state of the structure and define the best procedures for building an information system based on the as-built modeling strategy, which could serve as the basis to provide conservation guidelines.

Keywords: 3D mapping; TIR images; concrete retrofitting; industrial cultural heritage; monitoring; non-destructive techniques; thermal modeling.

Grants and funding

This research was partly funded by the Municipality of Morano sul Po (Italy) grant number [“Verifica delle condizioni di sicurezza dell’Arco di Morano sul Po”, N° 603/2021].