Effect of cholecystokinin on small intestinal motility in suncus murinus

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2023 Oct 1:342:114352. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2023.114352. Epub 2023 Jul 29.


In a fasting gastrointestinal tract, a characteristic cyclical rhythmic migrating motor complex (MMC) occur that comprises of three phases: I, II, and III. Among these, phase III contractions propagate from the stomach to the lower intestine in mammals, including humans, dogs, and Suncus murinus (suncus). Apart from the phase III of MMC propagating from the stomach, during the gastric phase II, small intestine-originated strong contractions propagate to the lower small intestine; however, the mechanism of contractions originating in the small intestine has not been clarified. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the role of cholecystokinin (CCK) in small intestinal motility. Administration of sulfated CCK-8 in phase I induced phase II-like contractions in the small intestine, which lasted for approximately 10-20 min and then returned to the baseline, while no change was observed in the stomach. Contractions of small intestine induced by CCK-8 were abolished by lorglumide, a CCK1 receptor antagonist. Gastrin, a ligand for the CCK2 receptor, evoked strong contractions in the stomach, but did not induce contractions in the small intestine. To examine the effect of endogenous CCK on contractions of small intestinal origin, lorglumide was administered during phase II. However, there was no change in the duodenal motility pattern, and strong contractions of small intestinal origin were not abolished by treatment with lorglumide. These results suggest that exogenous CCK stimulates contractions of small intestine via CCK1 receptors, whereas endogenous CCK is not involved in the strong contractions of small intestinal origin.

Keywords: CCK; Small intestinal motility; Suncus murinus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cholecystokinin / pharmacology
  • Dogs
  • Gastrointestinal Motility*
  • Humans
  • Myoelectric Complex, Migrating / physiology
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Shrews
  • Sincalide* / pharmacology
  • Stomach


  • Sincalide
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin