A novel variant in BMPR1B causes acromesomelic dysplasia Grebe type in a consanguineous Moroccan family: Expanding the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of acromesomelic dysplasias

Bone. 2023 Oct:175:116860. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2023.116860. Epub 2023 Jul 29.


Acromesomelic dysplasia Grebe type (AMD Grebe type) is an autosomal recessive trait characterized by short stature, shortened limbs and malformations of the hands and feet. It is caused by variants in the growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) or, in rare cases, its receptor, the bone morphogenetic protein receptor-1B (BMPR1B). Here, we report a novel homozygous BMPR1B variant causing AMD Grebe type in a consanguineous Moroccan family with two affected sibs from BRO Biobank. Remarkably, the affected individuals showed additional features including bilateral simian creases, lumbar hyperlordosis, as well as lower limb length inequality and dislocated hips in one of them, which were never reported previously for AMD Grebe type patients. The identified novel BMPR1B variant (c.1201C>T, p.R401*) is predicted to result in loss of function of the BMPR1B protein either by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay or production of a truncated BMPR1B protein. Thus, these findings expand the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of AMD, and may improve the diagnosis of AMD and enable appropriate genetic counselling to be offered to patients.

Keywords: Acromesomelic dysplasia; BMPR1B gene; BRO Biobank; Genotype-phenotype correlation; Grebe type.

MeSH terms

  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors / genetics
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I / genetics
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / genetics
  • Consanguinity
  • Humans
  • Osteochondrodysplasias* / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteochondrodysplasias* / genetics
  • Pedigree


  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • BMPR1B protein, human
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I

Supplementary concepts

  • Acromesomelic dysplasia
  • Chondrodysplasia, Grebe type