Effects of psychosocial sleep interventions on improving infant sleep and maternal sleep and mood: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Sleep Health. 2023 Oct;9(5):662-671. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2023.06.010. Epub 2023 Jul 31.

Abstract

Infant sleep problems are prevalent and have a negative impact on infant growth and development, maternal sleep, and maternal mood. The effects of psychosocial sleep interventions on infant sleep and maternal sleep and mood are unclear. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the effects of psychosocial sleep interventions on improving infant sleep, including nocturnal total sleep time, daytime total sleep, total sleep time, night wakings, and maternal sleep and mood problems (ie, depression and fatigue). We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, EBSCO, OpenGrey, DeepBlue, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases. We focused on randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of psychosocial sleep interventions on infant sleep. The study was preregistered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42022301654). Thirteen studies from 5889 articles were included in the review, which found that psychosocial sleep interventions improved infant nocturnal total sleep time (0.28 [0.04-0.52], p < 0.05, I2 = 83.9%) and maternal depression (-0.10 [-0.28 to -0.08], p < 0.05, I2 = 8.7%). To test and explore heterogeneity, we used the I2 statistic, influence analysis, subgroup analyses, and subgroup meta-analyses. Funnel plots and Egger's tests revealed no evidence of publication bias. Psychosocial sleep interventions improved infant nocturnal total sleep time and maternal depression. Future research should include more randomized controlled trials examining the effect of psychosocial sleep interventions on the improvement of maternal sleep and fatigue.

Keywords: Infant sleep; Maternal mood; Maternal sleep; Meta-analysis; Psychosocial sleep intervention; Systematic review.

Publication types

  • Review