Special Populations-Surgical Infants

Clin Perinatol. 2023 Sep;50(3):715-728. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2023.04.008. Epub 2023 Jun 23.


Congenital gastrointestinal disorders and other surgical diagnoses share many common problems: increased nutritional requirements to prevent catabolism, enhance wound healing, and provide optimal growth; impaired motility and altered intestinal flora leading to feeding intolerance requiring long-term parenteral nutrition; gastroesophageal reflux and poor feeding mechanics requiring tube feedings and support; growth failure; poor barrier function and risk of infection; and other long-term sequelae. Consequently, the surgical "at-risk" infant requires specialized nutritional support to meet their increased requirements to ensure adequate growth and meet the increased demands from critical illness.

Keywords: Breast milk; Dysmotility; Gastroschisis; Growth; Intestinal atresia; Surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Enteral Nutrition
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Parenteral Nutrition*