Can Thyroid Nodules be Managed with Radiofrequency Ablation?

Adv Surg. 2023 Sep;57(1):87-101. doi: 10.1016/j.yasu.2023.05.004. Epub 2023 Jun 28.


Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an established and growing minimally-invasive technique with an impressive safety profile used to manage thyroid nodules. Beyond shorter operative and recovery times, the main advantages of RFA include the lack of an incisional scar as well as maximizing the potential for maintenance of normal thyroid function. RFA can significantly reduce nodular volume, achieving rates of 60% to 95% in a breadth of thyroid disease, including benign nodules, primary carcinomas, and recurrent malignancies. Thorough patient counselling is imperative for RFA candidates, including a discussant of complications, nodule regrowth, and the potential for a subsequent ablation session.

Keywords: Ablation; Minimally invasive; RFA; Thyroid cancer; Thyroid nodule.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma* / surgery
  • Catheter Ablation* / adverse effects
  • Catheter Ablation* / methods
  • Humans
  • Radiofrequency Ablation* / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thyroid Nodule* / diagnostic imaging
  • Thyroid Nodule* / pathology
  • Thyroid Nodule* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome