New Model to Predict Recurrence After Endoscopic Mucosal Resection of Non-pedunculated Colonic Polyps ≥ 20 mm

Dig Dis Sci. 2023 Oct;68(10):3935-3942. doi: 10.1007/s10620-023-08054-5. Epub 2023 Aug 7.


Background: Polyp recurrence is common after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of non-pedunculated colonic polyps ≥ 20 mm. Two models haven been published for polyp recurrence prediction: Sydney EMR recurrence tool (SERT) and the size, morphology, colonic site, and access to target (SMSA) score. None of these models have been evaluated in a real-world United States (U.S.) cohort. We aimed to evaluate the external validity of these two models and develop a new model.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients with non-pedunculated polyps ≥ 20 mm that underwent EMR between 1/1/2012 and 6/30/2020. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify predictors of polyp recurrence to build a new model. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves for the new model, SERT and a modified version of SMSA were derived and compared.

Results: A total of 461 polyps from 461 unique patients were included for analysis. The average polyp size was 29.1 ± 12.4 mm. Recurrence rate at first or second surveillance colonoscopy was 29.0% at a 15.6 months median follow up (IQR 12.3-17.4). A model was created with 4 variables from index colonoscopy: size > 40 mm, tubulovillous adenoma histology, right colon location and piecemeal resection. ROC curves showed that the Area Under the ROC (AUC) for the new model was 0.618, for SERT 0.538 and for mSMSA 0.550.

Conclusion: SERT score and mSMSA have poor external validity to predict polyp recurrence after EMR of non-pedunculated polyps > 20 mm. Our new model is simpler and performs better in this multiethnic, non-referral cohort from the U.S.

Keywords: Colonic polyp recurrence; Colonic polyps; Endoscopic mucosal resection; Gastrointestinal endoscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Colonic Polyps* / pathology
  • Colonic Polyps* / surgery
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection*
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies