Transcriptomic comparison of bone marrow CD34 + cells and peripheral blood neutrophils from ET patients with JAK2 or CALR mutations

BMC Genom Data. 2023 Aug 7;24(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s12863-023-01142-5.


Background: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is one of the most common types of Ph-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms, an infrequent group of blood cancers that arise from a CD34 + hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) in the bone marrow (BM) primarily due to driver mutations in JAK2, CALR or MPL. These aberrations result in an overproduction of mature myeloid cells in peripheral blood (PB). To date, no targeted therapies have been approved for ET patients, so the study of the molecular mechanisms behind the disease and the identification of new therapeutic targets may be of interest. For this reason, in this study, we have compared the transcriptomic profile of undifferentiated CD34 + cells and mature myeloid cells from ET patients (CALR and JAK2-mutated) and healthy donors deposited in publicly available databases. The study of the similarities and differences between these samples might help to better understand the molecular mechanisms behind the disease according to the degree of maturation of the malignant clone and the type of mutation and ultimately help identify new therapeutic targets for these patients.

Results: The results show that most of the altered hallmarks in neutrophils were also found in CD34 + cells. However, only a few genes showed a similar aberrant expression pattern in both types of cells. We have identified a signature of six genes common to patients with CALR and JAK2 mutations (BPI, CRISP3, LTF, MMP8, and PTGS1 upregulated, and PBXIP1 downregulated), a different signature of seven genes for patients with CALR mutations (BMP6, CEACAM8, ITK, LCN2, and PRG2 upregulated, and MAN1A1 and MME downregulated) and a signature of 13 genes for patients with JAK2 mutations (ARG1, CAST, CD177, CLEC5A, DAPP1, EPS15, IL18RAP, OLFM4, OLR1, RIOK3, SELP, and THBS1 upregulated, and IGHM downregulated).

Conclusions: Our results highlight transcriptomic similarities and differences in ET patients according to the degree of maturation of the malignant clone and the type of mutation. The genes and processes altered in both CD34 + cells and mature neutrophils may reveal altered sustained processes that could be studied as future therapeutic targets for ET patients.

Keywords: Bone marrow; CALR; Essential thrombocythemia; JAK2; Myeloproliferative neoplasms; Peripheral blood.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bone Marrow
  • Calreticulin / genetics
  • Humans
  • Janus Kinase 2 / genetics
  • Lectins, C-Type / genetics
  • Mutation
  • Neutrophils
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Thrombocythemia, Essential* / genetics
  • Transcriptome / genetics


  • Calreticulin
  • CLEC5A protein, human
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Lectins, C-Type
  • JAK2 protein, human
  • Janus Kinase 2