Clinical and Radiological Comparison of Single and Double Intra-articular Injection of Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction for Knee Osteoarthritis

Cell Transplant. 2023 Jan-Dec:32:9636897231190175. doi: 10.1177/09636897231190175.


The aim of the article is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between single and double stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cell injections in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). We included 54 patients treated for varus knee OA with intra-articular SVF cell injection. They were divided into two groups: those who received one injection and those who received two. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score, knee range of motion, and knee muscle force were assessed at baseline and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the first injection. The preoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle was evaluated using plain radiographs, and T2 mapping values were assessed. The total WOMAC score improved significantly in the single injection group from 3 to 24 months, but the total WOMAC score in the double injection group improved significantly at 24 months. The T2 mapping values in both the groups improved, with a significant difference at 12 months. The preoperative mean HKA angle and the correlation coefficients between the HKA angle and the total WOMAC score and between the HKA angle and the T2 mapping value of the medial femur were significant. In conclusion, double injections may provide more satisfactory treatment outcomes in patients with severe varus knee alignment. This clinical trial is registered in the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (URL: with the registration name "Cell transplantation therapy for osteoarthritis using autologous subcutaneous adipose tissue-derived regenerative (stem) cells (ADRCs)," and the registration number was "PB5160012."

Keywords: knee osteoarthritis; regenerative therapy; stromal vascular fraction.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intra-Articular
  • Knee Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee* / diagnostic imaging
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee* / therapy
  • Stromal Vascular Fraction
  • Treatment Outcome