Hemodynamic nature of black-blood enhancement in long-term coiled cerebral aneurysms

Neuroradiology. 2023 Dec;65(12):1685-1694. doi: 10.1007/s00234-023-03192-z. Epub 2023 Aug 9.


Purpose: Vessel wall imaging (VWI) with black-blood (BB) technique can demonstrate aneurysmal enhancement preluding to growth/rupture in treatment-naive cerebral aneurysms. Interestingly, recent works showed that BB enhancement may also occur in endovascularly treated aneurysms, though its meaning is controversial. Hypothesizing a flow-related mechanism of BB enhancement, we explored its relationship with incomplete occlusion status and coil packing density at DSA.

Methods: We analyzed the subjects undergoing 3T MRI between January 2017 and October 2020 for a previous aneurysmal coiling. All the MRI studies included pre- and post-contrast 3D BB sequences. The presence of intra-aneurysmal pre-contrast BB signal was assessed. BB enhancement (when present) was classified as follows: (1) enhancement at the neck, (2) intrasaccular/intra-coil enhancement, and (3) peripheral enhancement. Coil packing density and aneurysmal occlusion status (according to the modified Raymond-Roy classification, MRRC) were determined on post-treatment DSA and compared with BB findings using generalized linear mixed-effect model and ANOVA. Significant p values were <0.05.

Results: Forty-eight aneurysms from 44 patients were eligible for analysis. Pre-contrast BB signal was observed in 50% of the aneurysms and showed a relationship with baseline aneurysmal size. BB enhancement was detectable in 31 aneurysms (65%), being significantly associated with incomplete aneurysmal occlusion and reduced coil packing density at DSA.

Conclusion: BB enhancement of coiled aneurysms is related with increasing degrees of post-coiling aneurysmal remnants and with loose coil packing density at DSA. This supports a hemodynamic interpretation of BB enhancement in long-term coiled aneurysms.

Keywords: Aneurysm; Black-blood; Coil; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; VWI.

MeSH terms

  • Embolization, Therapeutic* / methods
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / diagnostic imaging
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / therapy
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Treatment Outcome