In radiotherapy, patient positioning has long been ensured by ionizing imaging (kV or MV). Over the past ten years, surface-guided radiotherapy has appeared in radiotherapy departments. It is a continuous three-dimensional acquisition of the surface of the patient, based on the use of several optical cameras. The acquired surface is compared to an expected surface (usually taken from the planning scanner). Operators can constantly appreciate poor position, anatomical deformity or patient shift. Thus, the system allows an aid to the positioning of the patient, possibly without tattooing, but also a follow-up of the patient during the duration of the session. The most obvious contribution of the system concerns the treatment of the breast. In fact, for this location, the bone registration is not ideal and the target is visible in surface-guided radiotherapy. These systems also make it possible to treat in deep inspiration breath hold. But several other locations can benefit from it (pelvis, thorax, etc.).
Keywords: Breast; IGRT; Pelvis; Radiothérapie guidée par la surface; Radiothérapie guidée par l’image; SGRT; Sein.
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