The development of glutathione S-transferase and glutathione peroxidase activities has been studied in human lung cytosols. Whilst no clear change in glutathione peroxidase activity was identified, expression of the acidic glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme decreased markedly after 15 weeks of gestation so that at birth the level of activity of this isoenzyme was only about 20% of that in samples obtained during the first trimester. Basic glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes were weakly expressed during development and usually comprised less than 10% of cytosolic activity. Ion-exchange studies identified several basic isoenzymes that may correspond to the alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon set previously identified in liver. Weak expression of apparently near-neutral isoenzymes was also detected; they were detected in only a few cytosols.