Vinpocetine represses the progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in mice by mediating inflammasome components via NF-κB signaling

Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Aug 8:S0210-5705(23)00375-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2023.07.006. Online ahead of print.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Background: Inflammasome activation is known to be involved in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Vinpocetine is a derivative of vincamine and is reported to suppress the activation of inflammasome.

Methods: This study explored the therapeutical potential of Vinpocetine on NASH. Mice were fed with a choline-deficient (MCD) or chow diet in the presence or absence of Vinpocetine for 8 weeks. H&E staining and biochemical assays were determined to evaluate the hepatic steatosis and fibrosis symptoms. In addition, primary hepatocytes and Kupffer cells were isolated and induced by MCD or lipopolysaccharides/cholesterol crystals with or without Vinpocetine. ELISAs, qPCR, and Western blotting were applied to determine the levels of NASH-related biomarkers in both in vivo mouse model and in vitro cell models.

Results: Treatment of Vinpocetine did not cause observable side effects against and MCD-induced cells and mouse NASH model. However, treatment of Vinpocetine ameliorated hepatic steatosis and fibrosis and suppressed the levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate transferase in the mouse NASH model. In addition, treatment of Vinpocetine suppressed the mRNA and protein levels of inflammasome components both in vitro and in vivo.

Conclusion: Vinpocetine suppressed NASH in mice by mediating inflammasome components via nuclear factor κB signaling.

Keywords: Esteatohepatitis no alcohólica; Inflamación; Inflamasoma; Inflammasome; Inflammation; NF-κB signaling; Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; Señalización NF-κB; Vinpocetina; Vinpocetine.