Abnormal septal motion (ASM), which often is associated with myocardial ischemia, is also observed in other diseases. Owing to the position of the interventricular septum (IVS) in the heart, its movement not only relies on contractile properties but is also affected by the pressure gradient between the 2 ventricles and by the mode of electrical activation. Echocardiography allows the operator to focus on the motion of the IVS, analyzing its characteristics and thereby gaining information about the possible underlying pathophysiological mechanism. In this review, we focused on the main echocardiographic patterns of ASM that are not related to a failure of contractile properties of the septum (i.e., acute coronary syndrome and cardiomyopathies), showing their pathophysiological mechanisms and underlining their diagnostic usefulness in clinical practice.
Keywords: Abnormal septal motion; Transthoracic echocardiography.
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