EGFR co-mutation is associated with the risk of recurrence in invasive lung adenocarcinoma with the micropapillary component

Asian J Surg. 2024 Jan;47(1):201-207. doi: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2023.07.066. Epub 2023 Aug 12.


Background: Invasive lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients with the micropapillary (MPP) component tend to have extremely poor prognosis. To optimize clinical outcomes, a better understanding of specific concurrent gene alterations and their impact on the prognosis of patients with the MPP component is necessary.

Method: A total of 621 Chinese patients with surgically resected invasive LUAD who underwent genetic testing for lung cancer were enrolled in this retrospective study. The genomic profiling of major lung cancer-related genes based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples.

Result: Among 621 patients with invasive LUAD, 154 (24.8%, 154/621) had the MPP component. We found that PIK3CA (4.5% vs 1.3%), KRAS (9.1% vs 4.7%), and ROS1 (2.6% vs 0.4%) were more frequent in patients with the MPP component than those without the MPP component (P < 0.05). The co-mutation occurred in 66 patients (10.6%, 66/621), of which 19 patients with the MPP component. Most of them were EGFR co-mutations (89.5%, 17/19), including EGFR and PIK3CA, EGFR and ERBB2, and other types. Patients with the MPP component who harbored EGFR co-mutations showed significantly worse recurrence-free survival (RFS) than single EGFR mutation (median RFS 20.1 vs 30.5 months; hazard ratio [HR]: 8.008; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.322-48.508).

Conclusions: Patients with the MPP component harbored the co-mutation of driver genes had a higher risk of recurrence after surgery, especially in patients with EGFR co-mutation. EGFR co-mutation was a significant prognostic factor for RFS in patients with the MPP component.

Keywords: Co-mutation; EGFR; Invasive lung adenocarcinoma; Micropapillary (MPP) component; Prognosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung* / genetics
  • Adenocarcinoma of Lung* / surgery
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Mutation
  • Prognosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors