Studies on Atrial Fibrillation and Venous Thromboembolism in the Past 20 Years: A Bibliometric Analysis Via CiteSpace and VOSviewer

J Am Heart Assoc. 2023 Sep 5;12(17):e029810. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.123.029810. Epub 2023 Aug 10.

Abstract

The conjunction of atrial fibrillation (AF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common in clinical practice. Over the last 2 decades, a significant number of articles (2500) have been published about AF and VTE. To effectively analyze and present these vast amounts of information, this study uses bibliometric research methods to categorize and consolidate these publications. The number of publications has increased yearly, especially since 2012. The United States was the most prolific country, with 1054 studies published. The most productive institution was McMaster University. Gregory Y.H. Lip was the most prolific author. The keyword analysis identified that the research focuses from 2003 to 2014 were factor Xa inhibitor, dabigatran etexilate, direct thrombin inhibitor, double-blind, deep vein thrombosis, molecular weight heparin, stroke prevention, etc. From 2015 to 2016, research mainly focused on venous thromboembolism, antithrombotic therapy, anticoagulant, warfarin, atrial fibrillation, stroke, and pulmonary embolism. Studies during 2017 to 2022 focused on apixaban, direct oral anticoagulant, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, hemorrhage, edoxaban, medicine efficacy and safety, risk factors, clinical management, and vitamin K antagonists. Since 2018, novel oral anticoagulants have been the most commonly used keywords. On the whole, most studies of AF and VTE focus on pathogenesis and therapeutic drugs. The causal relationship between AF and VTE, the effectiveness and safety of novel oral anticoagulants in the treatments, the anticoagulant regimen of AF and VTE co-disease, and the treatment regimen for vulnerable populations such as the elderly or obese people were the focus of current research and will continue to be the central point of future research.

Keywords: CiteSpace; atrial fibrillation; bibliometrics; venous thromboembolism; visual analysis.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Aged
  • Anticoagulants / adverse effects
  • Atrial Fibrillation* / complications
  • Dabigatran / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Rivaroxaban / adverse effects
  • Stroke* / drug therapy
  • Stroke* / etiology
  • Stroke* / prevention & control
  • Venous Thromboembolism* / complications
  • Venous Thromboembolism* / epidemiology
  • Venous Thromboembolism* / prevention & control
  • Warfarin

Substances

  • Warfarin
  • Anticoagulants
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Dabigatran