Health-related quality of life, remission and low lupus disease activity state in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2024 May 2;63(5):1447-1455. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead407.


Objectives: To measure the association between SLE remission and scores of patients-reported outcome (PRO) measures.

Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study of SLE patients with a 2-year follow-up, using Lupus Patient-Reported Outcome (LupusPRO), Lupus Quality of Life (LupusQoL), Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Quality of Life (SLEQOL) and 36-item Short Form (SF-36) questionnaires. Remission was defined as remission off treatment (ROFT) and remission on treatment (RONT) according to the definitions of remission in SLE consensus. Mixed models accounting for repeated measures were used to compare groups as follow: ROFT and RONT vs no remission and lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS) vs no LLDAS.

Results: A total of 1478 medical visits and 2547 PRO questionnaires were collected during the follow-up from the 336 recruited patients. A between-group difference in PRO scores reaching at least 5 points on a 0-100 scale was obtained in the following domains: lupus symptoms (LLDAS: +5 points on the 0-100 scale, RONT: +9, ROFT: +5), lupus medication (LLDAS: +5, RONT: +8, ROFT: +9), pain vitality (LLDAS: +6, RONT: +9, ROFT: +6) of LupusPRO; role emotional (LLDAS: +5, RONT: +8), role physical (RONT: +7 and ROFT: +7), bodily pain (RONT: +6), mental health (RONT: +5) and social functioning (RONT: +6) of SF-36. In contrast, a between-group difference reaching at least 5 points was not achieved for any of the LupusQoL and SLEQOL domains.

Conclusions: RONT, ROFT and LLDAS were associated with significant and clinically relevant higher QoL in most PRO domains of the LupusPRO (disease specific) and SF-36 (generic) questionnaires, but not with LupusQoL and SLEQOL disease-specific questionnaires.

Keywords: SLE; disease activity; patient-reported outcome; remission.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic* / complications
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic* / drug therapy
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic* / psychology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life*
  • Remission Induction*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires