Impact of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension on minimally invasive limited liver resection for primary liver malignancies in the posterosuperior segments: An international multicenter study

Eur J Surg Oncol. 2023 Oct;49(10):106997. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2023.106997. Epub 2023 Aug 6.


Introduction: To assess the impact of cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT) on technical difficulty and outcomes of minimally invasive liver resection (MILR) in the posterosuperior segments.

Methods: This is a post-hoc analysis of patients with primary malignancy who underwent laparoscopic and robotic wedge resection and segmentectomy in the posterosuperior segments between 2004 and 2019 in 60 centers. Surrogates of difficulty (i.e, open conversion rate, operation time, blood loss, blood transfusion, and use of the Pringle maneuver) and outcomes were compared before and after propensity-score matching (PSM) and coarsened exact matching (CEM).

Results: Of the 1954 patients studied, 1290 (66%) had cirrhosis. Among the cirrhotic patients, 310 (24%) had PHT. After PSM, patients with cirrhosis had higher intraoperative blood transfusion (14% vs. 9.3%; p = 0.027) and overall morbidity rates (20% vs. 14.5%; p = 0.023) than those without cirrhosis. After coarsened exact matching (CEM), patients with cirrhosis tended to have higher intraoperative blood transfusion rate (12.1% vs. 6.7%; p = 0.059) and have higher overall morbidity rate (22.8% vs. 12.5%; p = 0.007) than those without cirrhosis. After PSM, Pringle maneuver was more frequently applied in cirrhotic patients with PHT (62.2% vs. 52.4%; p = 0.045) than those without PHT.

Conclusion: MILR in the posterosuperior segments in cirrhotic patients is associated with higher intraoperative blood transfusion and postoperative morbidity. This parameter should be utilized in the difficulty assessment of MILR.

Keywords: Cirrhosis; Difficulty score; Laparoscopic liver; Minimally invasive liver; Posterosuperior segments.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Hepatectomy
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Portal* / complications
  • Hypertension, Portal* / surgery
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Liver Cirrhosis / complications
  • Liver Neoplasms* / complications
  • Liver Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Liver Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery