Managing juvenile idiopathic arthritis within the context of their life: What we learnt from children and youth living with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and their parents

Musculoskeletal Care. 2023 Dec;21(4):1248-1260. doi: 10.1002/msc.1805. Epub 2023 Aug 19.

Abstract

Introduction: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in children and causes short- and long-term disability. Optimal management requires pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions. Few studies have explored the youth and family experience of the management of JIA. This study's objective was to explore the management experience of youth with JIA and their parents.

Methods: This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with youth 12-18 years of age with JIA receiving biological medication and parents of children with JIA on biological medication. Participants were recruited in clinics using convenience sampling. A thematic analysis approach was employed for data analysis.

Results: Nine youth and 14 parents participated. Four themes were identified that encompassed an overarching theme of participants managing JIA within the context of their life: aspects of life affected by JIA and its management, lived experience with JIA management, medication decision-making, and involvement in decision-making. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis management is situated within the context of their life but is normally (outside acute events) not central.

Conclusion: Two dimensions were added to those in the literature: parents' overall approaches to health and the sense of urgency surrounding decision-making. Our findings reinforce the importance of person- and family-centred care in paediatric rheumatology. That is, identifying what matters most to youth and their parents given their current life circumstances to provide a foundation for discussions of how they want to manage their JIA.

Keywords: caregivers; children; juvenile idiopathic arthritis; qualitative; symptom management; thematic analysis; therapies.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Arthritis, Juvenile* / therapy
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Parents
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Life
  • Research Design
  • Rheumatic Diseases*