In situ muscle stimulation in trained and untrained rats was used to reevaluate whether adaptations induced by endurance exercise training result in decreased lactate production by contracting muscles. The gastrocnemius-plantaris-soleus muscle group was stimulated to perform isotonic contractions. After 3 min of stimulation with 100-ms trains at 50 Hz at 60/min, the increases in lactate concentration in the plantaris, soleus, and fast-twitch red muscle (deep portion of lateral head of gastrocnemius) were only approximately 50% as great in trained as in sedentary rats. In the predominantly fast-twitch white superficial portion of the medial head of the gastrocnemius the increase in lactate concentration was 28% less in the trained than in the sedentary group. The decreases in muscle glycogen concentration seen after 3 min of stimulation at 60 trains/min were smaller in the trained than in the untrained group. The reduction in lactate accumulation that occurred in the different muscles in response to training was roughly proportional to the degree of glycogen sparing. These results show that endurance training induces adaptations that result in a slower production of lactate by muscle during contractile activity.