Nutrition Education Models for Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

Semin Nephrol. 2023 Mar;43(2):151404. doi: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2023.151404. Epub 2023 Aug 18.


Nutrition is an integral component in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and kidney health professionals play a crucial role in educating patients on dietary interventions for CKD. Several dietary modifications are indicated for CKD that require frequent adaptations with CKD progression and with underlying metabolic disturbances. However, poor adherence to dietary interventions is not uncommon among patients with CKD. An effective education program on nutrition intervention consists of providing knowledge and developing skills that are necessary to support behavioral change. The application of theoretical models of behavioral change such as social cognitive theory and the transtheoretical model in nutrition intervention has been reported to be effective in promoting changes in dietary habits. This review summarizes the evidence supporting the application of theoretical models as strategies to enhance nutrition education for patients with CKD. In addition, digital technologies are gaining interest in empowering patients and facilitating nutrition management in patients with CKD. This review also examines the applications of the latest digital technologies guided by behavioral theory in facilitating patients' changes in dietary intake patterns and lifestyle habits.

Keywords: Nutrition knowledge; digital intervention; empowerment; self-efficacy; self-monitoring.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Health Education
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Nutrition Therapy*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic* / therapy