Steganography for medical record image

Comput Biol Med. 2023 Oct:165:107344. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2023.107344. Epub 2023 Aug 19.


Medical record images in EHR system are users' privacy and an asset, and there is an urgent need to protect this data. Image steganography can offer a potential solution. A steganographic model for medical record images is therefore developed based on StegaStamp. In contrast to natural images, medical record images are document images, which can be very vulnerable to image cropping attacks. Therefore, we use text region segmentation and watermark region localization to combat the image cropping attack. The distortion network has been designed to take into account the distortion that can occur during the transmission of medical record images, making the model robust against communication induced distortions. In addition, based on StegaStamp, we innovatively introduced FISM as part of the loss function to reduce the ripple texture in the steganographic image. The experimental results show that the designed distortion network and the FISM loss function term can be well suited for the steganographic task of medical record images from the perspective of decoding accuracy and image quality.

Keywords: Digital image watermarking; Electronic health records system; Image steganography; Medical record image.

MeSH terms

  • Confidentiality*
  • Medical Informatics
  • Medical Records*