The effects of different heavy metal pollution remediation methods on soil nutrient transformation and soil health remain unclear. In this study, the effects of phytoextraction (PE) and passivation remediation (PR) on Cd-polluted soil phosphorus transformation and availability were compared by pot experiment. The results showed that PE significantly reduced the concentrations of total and available Cd (both H2O-Cd and DTPA-Cd) in soil, PR also decreased available Cd content but had no significant effect on total Cd content. PE slightly increased soil pH and NH4+-N content, while PR significantly increased soil pH, NO3--N and AK content. PE promoted the conversion of stable P (including HCl-Pi and residual-Pt), and increased the content of labile P (including H2O-Pi, NaHCO3-Pi and NaHCO3-Po) and the proportion of moderately labile P (including NaOH-Pi and NaOH-Po), while PR showed the opposite trend. PE showed a higher soil phoC gene abundance and acid phosphatase (ACP) activity, while PR showed a higher phoD gene copies and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Soil bacteria and phoD-harboring bacteria community was significantly affected by remediation methods and soil types. Compared with PR, PE reduced phoD-harboring bacterial diversity but significantly increased the abundance of genera associated with P dissolution (Streptomyces) and P conversion (Bradyrhizobium and Frankia), both of which were significantly positively correlated with labile P or moderately labile P. In general, compared with PR, PE can effectively remove soil Cd pollution, while maintaining a higher content of labile P and a higher proportion of moderately labile P, which can be considered as a green and sustainable remediation strategy conducive to soil quality.
Keywords: P fractions; Passivation remediation; Phytoextraction; phoC gene; phoD gene; phoD-harboring bacteria.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.