Background: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematological malignancy, characterized by restricted cellular subsets with asymmetrically enriched leukemia initiating cell (LIC) activity. Nonetheless, it is still unclear which signaling programs promote LIC maintenance and progression.
Methods: Here, we evaluated the role of the biological clock in the regulation of the molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways impacting the cellular dynamics in T-ALL through an integrated experimental approach including gene expression profiling of shRNA-modified T-ALL cell lines and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Sequencing (ChIP-Seq) of leukemic cells. Patient-derived xenograft (PDXs) cell subsets were also genetically manipulated in order to assess the LIC activity modulated by the loss of biological clock in human T-ALL.
Results: We report that the disruption of the circadian clock circuitry obtained through shRNA-mediated knockdown of CLOCK and BMAL1 genes negatively impacted the growth in vitro as well as the activity in vivo of LIC derived from PDXs after transplantation into immunodeficient recipient mice. Additionally, gene expression data integrated with ChIP-Seq profiles of leukemic cells revealed that the circadian clock directly promotes the expression of genes, such as IL20RB, crucially involved in JAK/STAT signaling, making the T-ALL cells more responsive to Interleukin 20 (IL20).
Conclusion: Taken together, our data support the concept that the biological clock drives the expression of IL20R prompting JAK/STAT signaling and promoting LIC activity in T-ALL and suggest that the selective targeting of circadian components could be therapeutically relevant for the treatment of T-ALL patients.
Keywords: Biological clock; Circadian; Flow cytometry; IL20R; STAT3; T-ALL.
© 2023. Italian National Cancer Institute ‘Regina Elena’.