Customised Implant for Temporomandibular Joint: New Technique to Design and Stress Analysis to Balance the Loading at Both Ends

Micromachines (Basel). 2023 Aug 20;14(8):1646. doi: 10.3390/mi14081646.


The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a critical joint for the opening and closing of the mouth. The generation of customised TMJs according to individuals' dental anatomy is needed. Currently, the implants available on the market lack consideration of the patient's dental anatomy. This leads to the creation of an imbalance in the reaction forces on both ends of the TMJ. This requires a slight structural change in the design parameters to give a solution. The purpose of this study is to propose a new design that includes the geometry and materials for a TMJ implant. Stress analysis was carried out on the TMJ to balance the reaction forces at both TMJ ends. A static analysis was performed using ANSYS Workbench, to compare the results of two customised designs of TMJ implants, in order to better balance the reaction forces at both ends. The model in the study showed that the reaction forces for both the patient-specific TMJ implants were nearly balanced. The reaction forces were better balanced, and almost equivalent to the intact conditions. The stresses in the mandible were more uniformly distributed in the customised design of the TMJ implant. The two types of design showed that the custom design took up less space in the patient's region of surgery, making it a better option compared to a stock TMJ implant. The custom implant would allow faster patient rehabilitation, as the reaction forces would be close to those in intact conditions.

Keywords: DICOM; customised TMJ implant; isotropic; orthotropic.

Grants and funding

This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (State Task in the Field of Scientific Activity, project no. FENW-2023-0012).