Patients with contrived histories and/or self-induced physical abnormalities (Munchausen's syndrome) are often successful in deceiving physicians. We recently cared for four patients with ocular Munchausen's syndrome. Self-induced ocular manifestations included voluntary nystagmus, subconjunctival hemorrhages, chronic orbital emphysema requiring exenteration, corneal alkali burns, erosions and ulcerations, and abscesses of the periorbital area. Correct diagnoses of ocular Munchausen's syndrome were made only after extensive medical and surgical investigations. Suggestions for evaluation and treatment will also be discussed.