Questionnaire for the Perception of Psychotherapy Process by the Psychotherapist (QPPP) - a preliminary presentation of a research tool

Psychiatr Pol. 2023 Jun 11:1-15. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/162574. Online ahead of print.
[Article in English, Polish]


Objectives: The emotional reactions of therapist in the treatment process constitute the core of therapeutic work, but they are poorly represented in research area. The article presents the results of work on the creation of a new tool the Questionnaire for the Perception of Psychotherapy Process by the Psychotherapist (QPPP).

Methods: The Questionnaire containing 267 statements assessing cognitive, affective and behavioural reactions of psychotherapists in interaction with a specific patient was uploaded on the website. The link to the website, together with a request to complete the questionnaire, was sent to the members of the Psychotherapeutic Societies. The study involved 159 therapists, working mainly psychodynamically (91.95%). The analysis of basic descriptive statistics of test items and exploratory factor analysis by principal components method with varimax rotation were used.

Results: The work resulted in creating a tool consisting of 75 items grouped into 6 scales: Positive cooperation with the patient, Therapist burdened with commitment, Therapist in the centre of negative interest, Therapist with no room for intervention, The overwhelmed/overloaded therapist, The helpless/disengaged therapist. High alpha-Cronbach reliability of all distinguished factors was demonstrated at the level from 0.79 to 0.94. The data analysis also made it possible to create initial sten standards for therapists working in the psychodynamic approach.

Conclusions: A tool was developed to assess emotions of therapist in relation to client. QPPP contains generally understandable terminology, independent of the therapist's dominant modality. The questionnaire can have many practical applications - both scientific and clinical.

Keywords: psychodynamic therapy; psychotherapy; supervision.