Sphenoid Sinus Pneumatization Types and Correlation with Adjacent Neurovascular Structures Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2023 Sep;75(3):2245-2250. doi: 10.1007/s12070-023-03796-0. Epub 2023 May 10.

Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to assess the sphenoid sinus pneumatization types and their correlation with adjacent neurovascular structures using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 97 CBCT scans of patients over 18 years of age that were retrieved from the archives of the Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology Department of School of Dentistry. Type of sphenoid sinus pneumatization based on its relationship with sella turcica (conchal, presellar, sellar, and postsellar), the correlation of internal carotid artery (ICA) and optic nerve (ON) with the sinus cavity in the axial and coronal planes (smooth or prolonged type), and presence of Onodi cells and their correlation with the sphenoid sinus (lateral, superior, and superolateral) were all evaluated on CBCT sections. Data were analyzed by the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests (alpha = 0.05). Results: Postsellar type was the most common sphenoid sinus pneumatization type (82.5%). The Smooth type was the most common form of correlation of ON and ICA with the sphenoid sinus. Onodi cells were noted in 28.9% of the cases; among which, the lateral type had the highest prevalence. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of sphenoid sinus pneumatization, Onodi cells, and ON and ICA protrusion in our study population, CBCT should be requested prior to trans-sphenoidal surgical procedures to prevent perioperative and postoperative complications.

Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12070-023-03796-0.

Keywords: Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Internal Carotid Artery; Optic Nerve; Sphenoid Sinus.