Biosensor-integrated transposon mutagenesis reveals rv0158 as a coordinator of redox homeostasis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Elife. 2023 Aug 29:12:e80218. doi: 10.7554/eLife.80218.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is evolutionarily equipped to resist exogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) but shows vulnerability to an increase in endogenous ROS (eROS). Since eROS is an unavoidable consequence of aerobic metabolism, understanding how Mtb manages eROS levels is essential yet needs to be characterized. By combining the Mrx1-roGFP2 redox biosensor with transposon mutagenesis, we identified 368 genes (redoxosome) responsible for maintaining homeostatic levels of eROS in Mtb. Integrating redoxosome with a global network of transcriptional regulators revealed a hypothetical protein (Rv0158) as a critical node managing eROS in Mtb. Disruption of rv0158 (rv0158 KO) impaired growth, redox balance, respiration, and metabolism of Mtb on glucose but not on fatty acids. Importantly, rv0158 KO exhibited enhanced growth on propionate, and the Rv0158 protein directly binds to methylmalonyl-CoA, a key intermediate in propionate catabolism. Metabolite profiling, ChIP-Seq, and gene-expression analyses indicate that Rv0158 manages metabolic neutralization of propionate toxicity by regulating the methylcitrate cycle. Disruption of rv0158 enhanced the sensitivity of Mtb to oxidative stress, nitric oxide, and anti-TB drugs. Lastly, rv0158 KO showed poor survival in macrophages and persistence defect in mice. Our results suggest that Rv0158 is a metabolic integrator for carbon metabolism and redox balance in Mtb.

Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis; carbon source; endogenous ROS; infectious disease; lipid metabolism; methylcitrate cycle; microbiology; mycobacterium tuberculosis; redoxosome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Coleoptera*
  • Homeostasis
  • Mice
  • Mutagenesis
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis* / genetics
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Propionates
  • Reactive Oxygen Species


  • Propionates
  • Reactive Oxygen Species

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE196844
  • GEO/GSE242285