Dilation of the proximal aorta is a common clinical manifestation in hypertensive patients. Although it is straightforward to link hypertension with proximal aortic dilation, previous studies on their interrelation have yielded controversial results. Cross-sectional design, methodology of blood pressure assessment, confounding factors like medications, and inconsistent reference values may lead to the paradoxical conclusions. Recently, advances have been made in the exploration of determinants and clinical value of proximal aortic dilatation. Thus, we reviewed these findings and summarized that aortic dilatation may be the consequence of hemodynamic and nonhemodynamic co-factors' combined action. Moreover, proximal aortic dilatation tends to be a predictor for aortic aneurysm dissection or rupture, hypertensive target organ damage as well as cardiovascular events. The present review contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the pathological process of proximal aortic dilatation in hypertension.
Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.