Identification of two novel SALL1 mutations in chinese families with townes-brocks syndrome and literature review

Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2023 Aug 29;18(1):250. doi: 10.1186/s13023-023-02874-4.


Background: Townes-Brocks syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic syndrome caused by mutations in SALL1. The clinical features of Townes-Brocks syndrome are highly heterogonous. Identification of new SALL1 mutations and study of the relation between SALL1 mutations and clinical features can facilitate diagnosis of Townes-Brocks syndrome.

Methods: We collected clinical data and blood samples of the two patients and their family members for whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing. Prediction analysis of the SALL1variation protein structure was achieved using Alphafold. The clinical materials and gene sequencing results were analyzed. The clinical materials and gene sequencing results were analyzed. The related literature of Townes-Brocks syndrome were searched and the genotype-renal phenotype analysis was performed combined with this two cases.

Results: Based on the clinical features and gene sequencing results, the two patients were diagnosed as Townes-Brocks syndrome. Two novel SALL1 mutations (c.878-887del and c.1240G > T) were identified, both of which were pathogenic mutations. The correlation between genotypes and renal phenotypes in Townes-Brocks syndrome patients caused by SALL1 mutation were summarized.

Conclusion: This study identified two novel mutations and provided new insights into the correlation of genotypes and renal phenotypes of Townes-Brocks syndrome.

Keywords: Alphafold; Genotype; Renal phenotype; SALL1; Townes-Brocks syndrome; Whole-exome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arthrogryposis*
  • Asian People
  • East Asian People*
  • Humans
  • Mutation / genetics

Supplementary concepts

  • Townes-Brocks syndrome