Amyloid beta plaque accumulation with longitudinal [18F]AZD4694 PET

Alzheimers Dement (Amst). 2023 Aug 28;15(3):e12391. doi: 10.1002/dad2.12391. eCollection 2023 Jul-Sep.


Introduction: [18F]AZD4694 is an amyloid beta (Aβ) imaging agent used in several observational studies and clinical trials. However, no studies have yet published data on longitudinal Aβ accumulation measured with [18F]AZD4694.

Methods: We assessed 146 individuals who were evaluated with [18F]AZD4694 at baseline and 2-year follow-up. We calculated annual rates of [18F]AZD4694 change for clinically defined and biomarker-defined groups.

Results: Cognitively unimpaired (CU) older adults displayed subtle [18F]AZD4694 standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) accumulation over the follow-up period. In contrast, Aβ positive CU older adults displayed higher annual [18F]AZD4694 SUVR increases. [18F]AZD4694 SUVR accumulation in Aβ positive mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia was modest across the neocortex.

Discussion: Larger increases in [18F]AZD4694 SUVR were observed in CU individuals who had abnormal amyloid positron emission tomography levels at baseline. [18F]AZD4694 can be used to monitor Aβ levels in therapeutic trials as well as clinical settings, particularly prior to initiating anti-amyloid therapies.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; amyloid beta; positron emission tomography.