Increasing evidence suggests multilineage cytopenias (also known as Evans syndrome) may be caused by inborn errors of immunity (IEI) with immune dysregulation. We studied a patient with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and immune thrombocytopenia and identified a germline mutation in SASH3 (c.862C>T;p.Arg288Ter), indicating a recently identified IEI. Immunohistochemistry performed after clinically indicated splenectomy revealed severe hypoplasia/absence of germinal centres. The autoimmune phenotype was associated with an increased CD21low T-bet+ CD11c+ subset along with decreased regulatory T cells, impaired T-cell proliferation and T-cell exhaustion. The younger brother carries the same SASH3 mutation and shares immunophenotypic features but is currently clinical asymptomatic, indicating heterogeneity of SASH3 deficiency.
Keywords: Evans syndrome; SASH3 deficiency; autoimmune cytopenias; inborn errors of immunity; whole exome sequencing.
© 2023 The Authors. British Journal of Haematology published by British Society for Haematology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.