SMARCA4-deficient undifferentiated tumors are a rare clinical entity with an aggressive clinical course, poor prognosis, and no standard-of-care therapeutic approach. These have most frequently been documented in the lung and thoracic cavity. There is a growing body of evidence for the role of immunotherapy in SMARCA4-deficient lung cancer, a disease process that historically does very poorly with cytotoxic chemotherapy alone. We present three cases where the primary tumors were instead found within the gastrointestinal system: two originating from the small bowel and one from the esophagus. In all three cases, clinical response was seen with pembrolizumab therapy, with two of the three patients receiving long-term benefit. Our series suggests that anti-PD1 immunotherapy may have promising efficacy for undifferentiated carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract with SMARCA4 deficiency.
Keywords: Immunotherapy; Oncology; PD-L1; SMARCA4; Sarcoma.
© 2023. Japanese Society of Gastroenterology.