Short and long latency reflex responses elicited by electrical and mechanical stimulation in human hand muscle

Acta Physiol Scand. 1986 Sep;128(1):71-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1986.tb07951.x.


The relationship between electrically and mechanically induced reflex responses in the rectified, averaged surface electromyogram of the first interosseus dorsalis muscle was examined in 18 healthy human subjects. Both methods evoked identifiable short and long latency reflex responses. The onset latencies for short latency reflexes with electrical and mechanical stimulations were 30.6 ms (+/- 2.2 ms) and 28.9 ms (+/- 2.2 ms) and for long latency reflexes 50.0 ms (+/- 2.8 ms) and 51.2 ms (+/- 5.2 ms), respectively. The correlation of the onset latencies of the reflexes revealed significant correspondence between the electrical and mechanical methods implying at least partly mutual mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Hand*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mechanoreceptors / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Physical Stimulation
  • Reflex