Flow characteristics of four commonly used mechanical heart valves

Am J Cardiol. 1986 Oct 1;58(9):743-52. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(86)90349-8.


The in vivo and in vitro fluid dynamic performance of 4 mechanical heart valves was reviewed: Starr-Edwards silicon-rubber ball valves (models 1200/1260 aortic and 6120 mitral valves), Björk-Shiley tilting disc valves (standard spherical model, modified and unmodified convexo-concave [60 degrees and 70 degrees C-C] models), the Medtronic-Hall (Hall-Kaster) tilting disc valve and the St. Jude Medical bileaflet valve. These valves were chosen because of their past or present popularity in clinical use and because they encompass most of the basic mechanical valve designs used during the past 2 decades. The flow measurements reported include in vivo and in vitro mean pressure drop, cardiac output or cardiac index, regurgitant volume, effective orifice area and performance index.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Output
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve
  • Pressure