Dialectical Behavior and Social Rhythm Therapy for Comorbid Bipolar Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder

Am J Psychother. 2023 Sep 6:appipsychotherapy20230006. doi: 10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.20230006. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder commonly co-occur. Each disorder is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, which are worsened by co-occurrence of the disorders. Emotional dysregulation, suicidality, and disrupted circadian rhythm are key aspects of psychopathology associated with both conditions. A novel psychotherapy combining elements of two evidence-based treatments (i.e., dialectical behavior therapy [DBT] for borderline personality disorder and social rhythm therapy [SRT] for bipolar disorder) is described. Unlike either treatment alone, the new therapy, called dialectical behavior and social rhythm therapy (DBSRT), targets all three disease-relevant processes and therefore may represent a promising new approach to treatment for individuals with these two conditions. DBSRT may also have utility for individuals with overlapping characteristics of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder or for those whose illness manifestation includes a mix of bipolar and borderline personality disorder traits. Strategies associated with DBSRT are described, and a brief case vignette illustrates its application.

Keywords: Bipolar and related disorders; Borderline personality disorder; Circadian rhythms; Dialectical behavior therapy; Psychotherapy; Social rhythm therapy.