Assessment of asphaltene and resin fractions in crude oil using laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy based on modified Beer-Lambert (LIFS-MBL)

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2024 Jan 5:304:123314. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2023.123314. Epub 2023 Aug 31.


Crude oil is one of the most significant petrogenic sources of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs). These substances play an essential role in the pollution of the marine environment. Therefore, the rapid identification of this pollutant source and its fractions is vital. For this purpose, a fast and on-site method of laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy based on modified Beer-Lambert (LIFS-MBL) is proposed here using solvent densitometry. Three optical parameters of the self-quenching (K), the extinction (α), and the peak concentration (Cp) are experimentally extracted from MBL graphs. Note that the parameters above are known to be unique characteristics of various crude oils. The corresponding compounds are generally classified into saturate, aromatic, resin, and asphaltene fractions, abbreviated as SARA. Differentiation among these fractions is achieved using the LIFS-MBL method by selecting the optimal excitation wavelength at 405 nm. This line effectively rules out the light aromatic rings and focuses on heavy fractions. The correlation of optical parameters with heavy oil fractions is verified according to analysis of variance. Statistical relations are proposed to calculate crude oil fractions values. The values of light fractions including saturate and aromatic components can also be determined by the heavy fractions. In this method, the test time is notably reduced from four days using the standard methods to less than half an hour according to the presented LIFS-MBL technique.

Keywords: Asphaltene; Crude oil; LIF; Laser induced fluorescence; Modified Beer-Lambert; Resin; SARA.