Twenty-three patients with bacterial endocarditis and mycotic aneurysms of the aortic annulus were treated between 1978 and 1985. There were 18 men and 5 women ranging from 24 to 72 years old. All patients had congestive heart failure and positive blood cultures as a complication of the endocarditis and were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class III or IV. The aneurysm complicated late prosthetic valve endocarditis in 7 patients and native valve endocarditis in 16. The most common infecting organisms were streptococci (12 patients) and staphylococci (7 patients). The noncoronary sinus was the most frequent site for aneurysm formation. Following debridement of the abscess cavity, the orifice of the aneurysm was closed with a patch of Dacron in 20 patients and autologous pericardium in 3. A prosthetic valve (18 bioprosthetic and 5 mechanical) was secured to the noninfected portion of the native annulus and to the patch at the level of annulus. There were 3 deaths, 1 perioperative and 2 late, each without evidence of residual infection or aortic insufficiency. There are 20 late survivors (87%). After a mean follow-up of 1 year, all patients are in NYHA Functional Class I. Patch closure of mycotic aneurysms involving the aortic annulus permits aggressive debridement of the abscess cavity and affords closure of the orifice without tension. The prosthetic valve can be seated at the level of the native annulus, thus avoiding complicated reconstructive procedures of the aortic root and coronary arteries. This technique is an effective alternative in selected cases of mycotic aneurysms involving the aortic annulus.