System-Level Strategies to Improve Home Dialysis: Policy Levers and Quality Initiatives

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2023 Dec 1;18(12):1616-1625. doi: 10.2215/CJN.0000000000000299. Epub 2023 Sep 6.


Advocacy and policy change are powerful levers to improve quality of care and better support patients on home dialysis. While the kidney community increasingly recognizes the value of home dialysis as an option for patients who prioritize independence and flexibility, only a minority of patients dialyze at home in the United States. Complex system-level factors have restricted further growth in home dialysis modalities, including limited infrastructure, insufficient staff for patient education and training, patient-specific barriers, and suboptimal physician expertise. In this article, we outline trends in home dialysis use, review our evolving understanding of what constitutes high-quality care for the home dialysis population (as well as how this can be measured), and discuss policy and advocacy efforts that continue to shape the care of US patients and compare them with experiences in other countries. We conclude by discussing future directions for quality and advocacy efforts.

MeSH terms

  • Hemodialysis, Home / education
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic*
  • Physicians*
  • Policy
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Renal Dialysis
  • United States