Conserved metabolic regulator ArcA responds to oxygen availability, iron limitation, and cell envelope perturbations during bacteremia

mBio. 2023 Oct 31;14(5):e0144823. doi: 10.1128/mbio.01448-23. Epub 2023 Sep 8.


Infections of the bloodstream are life-threatening and can result in sepsis. Gram-negative bacteria cause a significant portion of bloodstream infections, which is also referred to as bacteremia. The long-term goal of our work is to understand how such bacteria establish and maintain infection during bacteremia. We have previously identified the transcription factor ArcA, which promotes fermentation in bacteria, as a likely contributor to the growth and survival of bacteria in this environment. Here, we study ArcA in the Gram-negative species Citrobacter freundii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Serratia marcescens. Our findings aid in determining how these bacteria sense their environment, utilize nutrients, and generate energy while countering the host immune system. This information is critical for developing better models of infection to inform future therapeutic development.

Keywords: Gram-negative pathogenesis; bacteremia; metabolic regulation; two-component regulatory systems.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteremia* / microbiology
  • Gram-Negative Bacteria
  • Humans
  • Iron
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae / genetics
  • Sepsis*


  • Iron