The Rate and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission in Patients Treated for Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms: A Large Single-Center Study

Neurosurgery. 2023 Dec 1;93(6):1415-1424. doi: 10.1227/neu.0000000000002663. Epub 2023 Sep 8.

Abstract

Background and objectives: Numerous studies of various populations and diseases have shown that unplanned 30-day readmission rates are positively correlated with increased morbidity and all-cause mortality. In this study, we aim to provide the rate and predictors of 30-day readmission in patients undergoing treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 525 patients presenting for aneurysm treatment between 2017 and 2022. All patients who were admitted and underwent a successful treatment of their unruptured intracerebral aneurysms were included in the study. The primary outcome was the rate and predictors of 30-day readmission.

Results: The rate of 30-day readmission was 6.3%, and the mean duration to readmission was 7.8 days ± 6.9. On univariate analysis, factors associated with 30-day readmission were antiplatelet use on admission (odds ratio [OR]: 0.4, P = .009), peri-procedural rupture (OR: 15.8, P = .007), surgical treatment of aneurysms (OR: 2.2, P = .035), disposition to rehabilitation (OR: 9.5, P < .001), and increasing length of stay (OR: 1.1, P = .0008). On multivariate analysis, antiplatelet use on admission was inversely correlated with readmission (OR: 0.4, P = .045), whereas peri-procedural rupture (OR: 9.5, P = .04) and discharge to rehabilitation (OR: 4.5, P = .029) were independent predictors of 30-day readmission.

Conclusion: In our study, risk factors for 30-day readmission were aneurysm rupture during the hospital stay and disposition to rehabilitation, whereas the use of antiplatelet on admission was inversely correlated with 30-day readmission. Although aneurysm rupture is a nonmodifiable risk factor, more studies are encouraged to focus on the correlation of antiplatelet use and rehabilitation disposition with 30-day readmission rates.

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, Ruptured* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / epidemiology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm* / surgery
  • Patient Readmission
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome