Complication rates and modes of short and medium-term failure in Motec total wrist arthroplasty: an international cohort study

J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2024 Jan;49(1):27-33. doi: 10.1177/17531934231195689. Epub 2023 Sep 8.


The aim of this study was to analyse the short- and medium-term complications of the Motec total wrist arthroplasty (TWA). Identifying exact modes of failure and their causes should allow surgeons to avoid or mitigate these risks in the future. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from six hand surgeons at five international centres provided details of 171 Motec TWAs. The mean follow-up was 5.8 years (range 18 months to 12 years). There were 33 (19%) complications within our cohort, with a revision rate of 8.2% (14 revisions). There was no difference in complication rates between metal-on-metal and metal-on-polymer articulations. Failure of osseointegration was the most common complication. Problems with soft tissue balancing, implant impingement related osteolysis, bony impingement and metacarpal fracture were found to be other preventable causes of failure in this series. Elimination of these preventable complications will improve survival rates for this implant.Level of evidence: IV.

Keywords: Motec; Total wrist arthroplasty; complications; failure; revision; total wrist replacement.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement* / adverse effects
  • Cohort Studies
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Wrist*