Investigating Fumarate Hydratase-Deficient Uterine Fibroids: A Case Series

J Clin Med. 2023 Aug 22;12(17):5436. doi: 10.3390/jcm12175436.

Abstract

Uterine leiomyomas or uterine fibroids are the most common benign soft tissue tumor in reproductive-aged women. Fumarate hydratase deficient (FH-d) uterine fibroids are a rare subtype that is diagnosed only on pathologic evaluation. FH-d uterine fibroids may be the first indicator of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome. Therefore, identifying and understanding the clinical implication and diagnosis of FH-d uterine fibroids is critical for early diagnosis of HLRCC. This case series investigates the uncommon yet significant condition of FH-d uterine fibroids. We examined the clinical manifestation, diagnostic imaging, and histopathological characteristics of FH-d uterine fibroids in five cases identified at our institution over the last ten years. All diagnoses were confirmed by pathologic evaluation after surgical treatment. Gynecologists and pathologists play a critical role in the early diagnosis of FH-d uterine fibroids and must recognize the relevant clinical and pathologic findings that raise suspicion about this diagnosis. The detection of these cases is largely dependent on the pathologist's ability to recognize unique histopathologic features. Once these characteristics are identified, it should prompt a referral to a gynecologist to consider conducting germline genetic testing. The management of FH-d uterine fibroids necessitates a multidisciplinary approach, including proper genetic screening and regular surveillance, especially for renal tumors.

Keywords: fumarate hydratase deficiency; hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC); uterine fibroids.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.