Whole-Body Vibration Impacts on the Degree of Toe Angle and Its Correlation to the Knee Osteoarthritis Index during Level Walking among Female University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

J Clin Med. 2023 Sep 3;12(17):5735. doi: 10.3390/jcm12175735.


Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is used for ankle rehabilitation as it stimulates muscle spindles to excite tonic vibration reflexes, and improves muscle strength, power, joint proprioception, balance, and flexibility. Thus, this study aims to determine the impact of whole-body vibration on the degree of the toe angle and the correlation between the toe angle and knee osteoarthritis index during level walking among female university students. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 42 participants divided into two groups. The control group performed only home-based exercise (HBE) after education, and the study group received WBV with HBE. The functional status of participants to predict osteoarthritis was evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), where the toe angle degree and WOMAC index were assessed before and six weeks after training. The results showed a significant improvement in the toe-in angle of HBE + WBV compared to the HBE group (p = 0.02), and in HBE + WBV, an improvement of the toe angle showed a 43% decrease in the WOMAC index (p = 0.001). In conclusion, WBV for the ankle and foot training program positively affected the degree of the toe angle, that directly affected the subtalar and ankle joint mechanics. Trial registration in the Pan African Clinical Trial Registry PACTR202304816093190 (registered retrospectively, date of registration: 18 April 2023).

Keywords: level walking; osteoarthritis; toe angle; whole-body vibration.