Smart Home Automation-Based Hand Gesture Recognition Using Feature Fusion and Recurrent Neural Network

Sensors (Basel). 2023 Aug 30;23(17):7523. doi: 10.3390/s23177523.


Gestures have been used for nonverbal communication for a long time, but human-computer interaction (HCI) via gestures is becoming more common in the modern era. To obtain a greater recognition rate, the traditional interface comprises various devices, such as gloves, physical controllers, and markers. This study provides a new markerless technique for obtaining gestures without the need for any barriers or pricey hardware. In this paper, dynamic gestures are first converted into frames. The noise is removed, and intensity is adjusted for feature extraction. The hand gesture is first detected through the images, and the skeleton is computed through mathematical computations. From the skeleton, the features are extracted; these features include joint color cloud, neural gas, and directional active model. After that, the features are optimized, and a selective feature set is passed through the classifier recurrent neural network (RNN) to obtain the classification results with higher accuracy. The proposed model is experimentally assessed and trained over three datasets: HaGRI, Egogesture, and Jester. The experimental results for the three datasets provided improved results based on classification, and the proposed system achieved an accuracy of 92.57% over HaGRI, 91.86% over Egogesture, and 91.57% over the Jester dataset, respectively. Also, to check the model liability, the proposed method was tested on the WLASL dataset, attaining 90.43% accuracy. This paper also includes a comparison with other-state-of-the art methods to compare our model with the standard methods of recognition. Our model presented a higher accuracy rate with a markerless approach to save money and time for classifying the gestures for better interaction.

Keywords: adaptive median filter; deep learning; feature fusion; filter; gesture recognition; hand detection; home automation; noise reduction.

MeSH terms

  • Automation
  • Gestures*
  • Humans
  • Nerve Agents*
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Recognition, Psychology


  • Nerve Agents

Grants and funding

Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University Researchers Supporting Project number (PNURSP2023R440), Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The authors are thankful to the Deanship of Scientific Research at Najran University for funding this study under the Research Group Funding program grant code (NU/RG/SERC/12/6).