Guiding ablation strategies for ventricular tachycardia in patients with structural heart disease by analyzing links and conversion patterns of traceable abnormal late potential zone

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2023 Nov;34(11):2273-2282. doi: 10.1111/jce.16051. Epub 2023 Sep 11.


Background: Substrate-based ablation can treat uninducible or hemodynamically instability scar-related ventricular tachycardia (VT). However, whether a correlation exists between the critical VT isthmus and late activation zone (LAZ) during sinus rhythm (SR) is unknown.

Objective: To demonstrate the structural and functional properties of abnormal substrates and analyze the link between the VT circuit and abnormal activity during SR.

Methods: Thirty-six patients with scar-related VT (age, 50.0 ± 13.7 years and 86.1% men) who underwent VT ablation were reviewed. The automatic rhythmia ultrahigh resolution mapping system was used for electroanatomic substrate mapping. The clinical characteristics and mapping findings, particularly the LAZ characteristics during SR and VT, were analyzed. To determine the association between the LAZ during the SR and VT circuits, the LAZ was defined as five activation patterns: entrance, exit, core, blind alley, and conduction barrier.

Results: Forty-five VTs were induced in 36 patients, 91.1% of which were monomorphic. The LAZ of all patients was mapped during the SR and VT circuits, and the consistency of the anatomical locations of the LAZ and VT circuits was analyzed. Using the ultrahigh resolution mapping system, interconversion patterns, including the bridge, T, puzzle, maze, and multilayer types, were identified. VT ablation enabled precise ablation of abnormal late potential conduction channels.

Conclusion: Five interconversion patterns of the LAZ during the SR and VT circuits were summarized. These findings may help formulate more precise substrate-based ablation strategies for scar-related VT and shorter procedure times.

Keywords: abnormal substrate; late activation zone; sinus rhythm; ventricular tachycardia circuit.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Catheter Ablation* / adverse effects
  • Cicatrix
  • Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular* / diagnosis
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular* / etiology
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular* / surgery
  • Time Factors